Designing a landscaping or gardening plan can be a daunting task. When start to plan a new exterior design project, many homeowners are at a loss of where to start. Sometimes it’s easier to think about a landscaping project after breaking it down into smaller parts. One helpful technique is to think about your landscaping an gardening choices in “layers,” starting from the ground and moving up to eye level and then up to the sky. Here are the 5 main layers of landscape planning to make your next design project simple and easier for you to manage.

Top Layer

The top layer refers to the highest-most point of your landscaping project. The main concern in this layer is tall canopy trees such as oak, spruce, pine or maple trees. Do you have one of these trees on your property and if so, how do you want it to function? Do you want your tall canopy tree to provide lots of shade, or do you want to scale back its branches to let in more sunlight?

Under-Story Layer

This layer includes smaller trees (under 40 feet tall), such as ornamental or fruit-bearing trees. These smaller trees are still large structures but they are more easily integrated with the visual background of your property, generating interest that can serve as a visual focal-point for your landscaping design.

Middle-Story Layer

The layer includes most shrubs, including tall plants like lilacs, middle-ground plants like rhododendrons, and lower plants like rose bushes. When designing this layer, it’s important to consider creating a visually-interesting and balanced arrangement with plants that naturally compliment each other in terms of growth and development.

Ground Layer

This layer encompasses low shrubs, perennials and ground cover. This layer is easily mutable and can be adapted to suit your needs and experience as a gardener. Perineal gardens, grassy lawn areas, and ground cover beds can all be experimented with in this area of landscaping.

Soil Layer

While this area is often neglected during the design and planning stages of landscaping, it’s perhaps the most crucial of all to a healthy garden. The vast network of animals, micro-organisms and nutrients in your soil is essential to the success of your garden, so it’s important to consider what kind of soil and fertilization methods you’ll use.

At Canada’s Gardenland, our experienced team of designers and contractors are here to help you during the entire landscaping process from planning to execution. For more information about how our team can help you with your next gardening or landscaping project, contact us today at Canada’s Gardenland.